Special Nature Reserve
Deliblato sands

basic information
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surface

surface

350 km²

number of visitors

number of visitors

0

number of visitors

established

1977

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Locations

SNR “Deliblatska peščara/Deliblato sands“ is situated in the extreme southeast of Vojvodina and reaches the river Danube. The area of 35,000 ha is a unique natural phenomenon in Europe. It represents the largest European continental sandstone.

History

In order to prevent scattering of sand from deforested areas of Peščara and protection of arable land from the sand, from 1818 to 1907, half of its surface was forested. With the first development elaborate from 1912 forests received economic importance as well, and patrol of the acacia is set at 25 years. Today the stand of acacia occupy one third of the Reserve surface. Black pine which was used from the beginning of forestation, in 1953 became the leading specie. Catastrophic forest fire in 1996 put an end to this period. "Deliblato sands" is under the protection from 1977 and is managed by the Public Enterprise "Vojvodina šume". Deliblato Sands in 1989 was declared an Important Bird Area (IBA), due to its waters rich in fish and hatcheries, which are significant confluence and mass wintering waterfowl habitat.

Nature

The specificity of the Deliblato Sands is its forest-steppe vegetation, mosaic-like distributed on the prominent dune relief, which is unique in the Pannonia Plain. Sandy lands and specific environmental conditions have created forest-steppe habitats of extremely rare species of flora. Flora of the Deliblato Sands is characterized by: sandstone, steppe, forest, wetland and aquatic communities. Of the nearly 1,000 plant species that built them, the most characteristic are plants of the steppe habitat: Banat peony, fern leaf peony, rindera umbellata, dwarf almond and others. Juniper is the only autochthonous conifer, while in the few indigenous forests prevail virgilijski oak (Quercus virgiliana), pedunculed oak and lime tree. More than half of the area of Deliblato Sands is now overgrown with planted forest of black locust, black and white pine.
Wildlife of Deliblato Sands is characterized by sandstone and insect species of steppe habitats: eagle, saker falcon, ground squirrel, mole rat and steppe gerbil. In the forest habitats constant presence of wolves, deer, roe deer and wild boar is significant. Water ecosystems of the coast and of the Danube aits represent waterfowl nesting sites and temporary habitat of migratory birds, while the surface of the non-iced Danube is a mass wintering place for wild ducks and geese.
The specificity of the Deliblato Sands is pronounced dune relief, whose altitudes range between 70 and 197m, as well as the absence of surface water courses. The climate is temperate continental with a specific microclimate, which is characterized by early and late frosts and extreme temperature fluctuations between -25 and +45 degrees Celsius. In winter blows the east wind, which can reach speed of 140 km / h.

Sights

It was found that the air in Peščara (Sands) has exceptional properties, and therefore the stay in this specific area is recommended for children, convalescents, athletes and anyone wanting a quality and relaxing holiday.

Tourism

The Deliblato Sands near Kovin, is located School and Recreation Center "Čardak”, surrounded by pine trees. Two pavilions "Nera" and "Brzava" are intended for pupils and sports and recreational tourism.
SRC “Čardak“ includes a central building as well, in which are classrooms and sports hall, as well as kitchen and restaurant with capacity of up to 400 guests, which can be adapted for the needs of the users. Around the buildings are open new sports facilities for football and basketball, handball and volleyball courts and walking trails equipped with information boards. In winter dune relief offers ideal conditions for tobogganing and snow games.
The program for stay in Deliblato Sands includes the following:
• Walking tours through the woods, from pastures to lookouts and observation posts, exploring the flora and fauna (trip to the hunting grounds and feeding grounds for wildlife, collecting medicinal herbs, identify crops and vegetation),
• eco-workshops (painting, making ornaments from natural materials);
• sports events, organizing cultural and entertainment events (folklore, various celebrations and other),
• summer camp.
Depending on the needs other services are arranged separately as well: doctor, an instructor, professional escort and guide through Peščara.

Connection

SNR “Deliblatska peščara/Deliblato Sands“ is well connected in terms of traffic and easily accessible. It is situated 70 km away from the capital of Serbia, Belgrade.

Contact
PE “Vojvodinašume“ Petrovaradin, ŠG “Banat“ Pančevo, Maksima Gorkog 24, Serbia
Phone/fax: 013 765 345, 013 342 899,
E-mail: cardak@banatsume.rs, komercijala@banatsume.rs 
Web: http://www.deliblatskapescara.rs/